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Zerzevan Castle


AD 3-7. century

The area descending towards the north, where streets and avenues can be observed, is the residential area. The houses consist of single or multiple spaces, their foundations are carved into the bedrock, and the blocks obtained by carving the bedrock are used in the building walls. From these houses, wall and door blocks preserved to a certain height can be observed until today. The lower floor of the two-storey residences, with large doors, was reserved for horses and livestock, and also served as a warehouse, while soldiers and civilians used the upper floor as living space. The spaces between the blocks in the form of pillars, which stand out on some of the walls of the buildings, must have been built of coarse stones. Apart from the residential area in the north, there are independent separate residential units with four or more spaces in the southern part, where public buildings are predominant. One of these special buildings is located in the middle part of the settlement, between the arsenal structure and the large water cistern, and consists of five rooms. 9.6 x 12.4 m. The size of the house must have been used by a high-ranking military executive. Its walls, made of large-sized blocks, have been preserved to a certain level, and its door jambs and lintels have survived to the present day. The walls of the house should be made quite thick compared to other structures, to prevent heat loss and ensure durability.

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