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Zerzevan Castle

MITHRAEUM

2-3 AD. century

It was built underground by carving the bedrock just north of the shelter. On the eastern wall of the building, there are columns carved into the bedrock and a large niche in the middle and two smaller niches on the sides. Paint residues can be seen on the belt rising over the two columns around the large niche in the middle. There were probably symbols of Mithras in the belt in question. The plate with the scene of Mithras sacrificing the bull was also placed in this large niche in the middle. The ray crown motif, one of the symbols of Mithras, is also engraved on the east wall. In one of the small niches, there is a very neatly carved water or blood bowl and a pool on the ground right in front of it. The pool with water or blood bowl is connected to a channel passing through the wall, and it is known that water or blood was used in Mithras religious ceremonies. There are also four symmetrically made animal tethering places on the ceiling. The binding places must have been used for the sacrifice of the bull in Mithras rituals. The structure is the first and only Mithras temple identified on the eastern border of the Roman Empire. Inscriptions and symbols are clearly visible at the entrance of the building. The god Mithras, of Persian origin, is the god of the concepts of "understanding and friendship", meaning "mediator". Mithras is the sun god and his cult is based on sun worship. It is also the symbol of light, war, justice and faith. M.S. It became very common in the Roman Empire in the 2nd and 3rd centuries. M.S. It was banned with the spread of Christianity in the 4th century. The Mithras religion is very common in all Roman-dominated lands, especially among soldiers, merchants and aristocrats. His teaching is on the creation of the world and is also known as the god who controls the universe. Religious ceremonies are secret and completely closed to the outside. A person who will join the Mithras religion must suffer twelve torments. Those who join this religion, where only men are accepted, go through seven stages. The ceremonies are performed underground in caves or temples.

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