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Zerzevan Castle


AD 3-7. century

The military settlement built for defense purposes is 12-15 m. height, 2.1 – 3.2 m. It is surrounded by thick walls. 1.2 km. 10 bastions and 2 towers placed at regular intervals on the long city wall were identified. There are also protruding support walls between the bastions. It is seen that some of the walls, especially in the eastern and southern sections, were used as city walls up to a certain height by carving the main rock, and the wall was formed from cut blocks by leveling the top. In the construction of the walls, blocks were transported to the settlement, especially by using the quarry in the south. The abundance of bastions on the eastern city walls, the only entrance to the castle and the ancient road being located in this section are due to its topographical location being open to attack. Up to 19.2 m of the three-storey large tower for surveillance and defense purposes, which stands out in the south of the settlement, has been preserved, while its original height is 21 m. It has been determined that . Depending on the slope slope of the tower, its lower part was built as a seven-step pedestal outward. On the north wall of the tower, the place where the wall meets the tower can be easily understood and thus the height of the wall can be calculated. During the work carried out in the south tower, a passage continuing underground was identified and a part of it was unearthed, but it was seen that the passage was closed with smooth blocks and mortar before the last siege.

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